The first photograph of the Earth from space, taken in 1946 from a V2 rocket. Image credit: U.S. Army / White Sands Missile Range / Applied Physics Laboratory.

In 1948 on this date, the US Navy released the first views of Earth from near-orbital height. The images were taken from altitudes between 60 and 70 miles by cameras installed in rockets. A Forbes magazine retrospective article which includes these and a variety of other images of Earth may be read here.