This is the Saint Louis Science Center’s NIGHT SKY UPDATE for the week of Tuesday, July 5.  All times are given as local St. Louis time (Central Daylight Time).  For definitions of terminology used in the night sky update, click the highlighted text.

Information updated weekly or as needed.

Join us for our next star party, Friday, August 5, 2016 held in association with the St. Louis Astronomical Society.  For details, see the information at the bottom of this page.

The Sun and the Moon

Sunrise is at 5:43 a.m. on Tuesday, July 5 and sunset is at 8:29 p.m. providing us with a little less than 15 hours of daylight.  Even after sunset, the light from the Sun will still dimly illuminate our sky for nearly two hours.  This period of time is called twilight, which ends around 10:24 p.m. this week.  For those with a sun dial, solar transit or local noon occurs around 1:06 p.m. this week.

Day

Sunrise

Sunset

 05 Jul

5:43 a.m.

8:29 p.m.

 06 Jul

5:43 a.m.

8:28 p.m.

 07 Jul

5:44 a.m.

8:28 p.m.

 08 Jul

5:44 a.m.

8:28 p.m.

 09 Jul

5:45 a.m.

8:27 p.m.

 10 Jul

5:46 a.m.

8:27 p.m.

 11 Jul

5:46 a.m.

8:27 p.m.

 12 Jul

5:47 a.m.

8:26 p.m.

 13 Jul

5:48 a.m.

8:26 p.m.

 

Moonrise for Tuesday, July 5 occurs at 7:05 a.m. and moonset will occur at 9:23 p.m.  On July 5 the Moon will be exhibiting a waxing crescent phase with about 2% disk coverage.  First quarter moon occurs on Monday, July 11.

International Space Station (ISS) Observing

Visible passes of ISS from St. Louis for the week of July 5 are during the morning hours.  The best of these occur on the mornings of July 8, 10 and 11.  Use the table below for more information regarding these passes and others occurring this week.

Catch ISS flying over St. Louis starting Tuesday, July 5.

Date Mag

Starts

Max. altitude

Ends

Time Alt. Az. Time Alt. Az. Time Alt. Az.
07 Jul -0.9 04:27:56 10 SSE 04:29:55 15 SE 04:31:53 10 E
08 Jul -3.3 05:10:01 10 SW 05:13:16 81 SE 05:16:32 10 NE
09 Jul -2.4 04:19:05 23 S 04:20:33 37 SE 04:23:36 10 ENE
10 Jul -1.2 03:28:22 18 ESE 03:28:22 18 ESE 03:30:16 10 E
10 Jul -2.5 05:01:02 10 WSW 05:04:08 41 NW 05:07:16 10 NE
11 Jul -3.4 04:10:12 39 WSW 04:11:17 82 NW 04:14:34 10 NE
12 Jul -2.1 03:19:21 36 E 03:19:21 36 E 03:21:40 10 ENE
12 Jul -1.3 04:52:29 10 W 04:55:06 22 NNW 04:57:43 10 NNE
13 Jul -2.1 04:01:03 27 WNW 04:02:07 35 NNW 04:05:09 10 NE  

Magnitude (Mag): The Measure of brightness for a celestial object.  The lower the value is, the brighter the object will be.

Altitude (Alt):  The angle of a celestial object measured upwards from the observer’s horizon.

Azimuth (Az):  The direction of a celestial object, measured clockwise from an observer’s location with north being 0°, east being 90°, south being 180° and west being 270°.

For information about ISS flyovers and other visible satellites, visit www.heavens-above.com

Detailed information regarding all unmanned exploration of our universe, missions past, present, and planned, can be found at Jet Propulsion Laboratories:

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/

The Planets Visible Without a Telescope

Mars

The Red planet is currently found in Libra rising before the Sun and can be easily seen by 9:30 p.m. in the southeastern sky.  Mars sets by 2:14 a.m.

Jupiter

Jupiter now rises before the Sun sets. To see Jupiter you will have to look high in the west at about 8:50 p.m.  Jupiter sets at 11:38 a.m.  Each week Jupiter will set approximately 30 minutes earlier than it did the week before.

NASA’s Juno mission arrived at Jupiter on Monday, July 4.  Juno’s primary mission started with orbital insertion on July 4, 2016 and will end when the spacecraft is deorbited allowing the spacecraft to descend into the crushing atmosphere of Jupiter in February 2018.  Over 20 months Juno will complete 37 orbits during which the spacecraft will investigate Jupiter’s core and magnetic field, measure the amount of ammonia and water in Jupiter’s deep atmosphere and it will observe the planet’s aurora and charged particle environment.

Saturn

The ringed planet is has reached opposition and as such rises before the Sun sets.  Look for Saturn alongside Mars in the southern sky about 30 minutes after sunset.  Saturn will set by 3:34 a.m.

Deep Sky Object of the Week

A few years ago the night sky update included a section that highlighted one constellation a month and a few objects of interest inside of it.  Unfortunately of the 88 constellations there are only about 60 we can see in St. Louis and of these there are only so many that have enough objects to reference that would interest both beginners and advanced observers.  In 2015 we changed things a bit for this section and instead of highlighting one constellation for each month we highlighted one Messier object a week using the Astronomical League’s Binocular Messier program as our guide.  We will continue this into 2016 but instead of using the Astronomical League’s binocular Messier program we will use their Binocular Deep Sky Program.

The Astronomical League is an amateur astronomy society that is composed of over 240 local amateur astronomy societies across the United States and includes members at large and other supporting members.  Their goal is to promote the science of astronomy through education, incentive and communication.

One of the many ways the Astronomical League has assisted amateur astronomers around the world is by creating various observing programs that highlight different aspects of astronomy and how an amateur astronomer can observe the sky and learn more about astronomy in doing so.  Some of these programs are introductory and are targeted at those beginning to learn about observational astronomy and some are extremely advanced, require specialized equipment and require a large amount of time to complete.  These observing programs cover most any type of object or way to observe the sky so everyone should be able to find one that matches their interests and abilities.  It is important to note that these programs are not part of any class or lecture series but are rather lists of objects that highlight types of objects or observing methods relevant to astronomy.  Taking part in these programs is done under one’s own choice.  To officially complete each program you do have to be a member of the Astronomical League but you do not have to join to use them as observing guides or education tools.  I would urge anyone interested in astronomy to look at these programs as they will help organize observing sessions and will help refine observing skills you already have.  You can find out more information about the Astronomical League’s observing programs here https://www.astroleague.org/observing.html

The observing program we will use to help guide us through the 2016 observing year is the Binocular Deep Sky Program.  This is a program that will appeal to both beginning and advance observers.  Too often it is thought that you need to have a telescope for astronomical observations.  Telescopes make great observing tools and yes they can show you more than binoculars but they do have their limitations.  Cost, size, weight and complexity will often be a surprise to people when they first learn about telescopes.  These factors can keep people from using telescopes they own or from buying one at all.  The best advice to follow is a good observing tool is one you will use.

The binocular deep sky program is an introduction to deep sky objects beyond the Messier catalog.  It will introduced viewers to the New General Catalog (NGC) and some of the lesser known deep sky catalogs such as the Stock, Collinder and Melotte.  Each week we will highlight a deep sky object that is part of the Astronomical League’s binocular deep sky program.  This program is tougher than Messier binocular program as the objects are not always as obvious and they will require larger binoculars than the Messier program.  50mm binoculars are recommended but many of the targets can be seen through smaller aperture instruments.  I would urge each observer to fulfill the requirements of the program even if you do not intend to join the League for completion.  The requirements involve logging observing data that can help refine observing skills that will be useful later down the road.  If you have an interest in astronomy and learning more about observational astronomy I would also recommend checking out one of the two excellent astronomy societies near St. Louis.  Both are members of the Astronomical League and both do numerous public observing nights around town.  These clubs are the

St. Louis Astronomical Society and

Astronomical Society of Eastern Missouri

If you do not live in the St. Louis, Missouri area chances are you have similar astronomical societies where you live.

The deep sky object for the week of July 5 is the open star cluster NGC 6823.  Found in the constellation Vulpecula you can find NGC 6823 rising in the east by 11:00 p.m.  At a distance of about 8,800 light years NGC 6823 shines with an apparent magnitude of 7.1.  At this magnitude NGC 6823 will be a tough pull for city observers.  This star cluster is estimated to have 30 members that are only two million years old.  NGC 6823 has a Trumpler classification of I, 3, p, n which means it is well detached from background stars with a strong central concentration, it has a wide variety of stellar magnitudes, it has a poor population with less than 50 members and it is associated with a nebula.

To find NGC 6823 you will need to find the constellation Vulpecula.  This can be a hard constellation to see but finding it is simple as it is a minor part of the famed Summer Triangle.  Start by locating the three triangle stars Deneb, Vega and Altair.  These stars are members of the constellations Cygnus, Lyra and Altair respectively which can be seen rising in the east by 10:00 p.m.  Once you can identify Cygnus look on its east side for a rather dim patch of sky this will be Vulpecula.  Once here you will need to find two more stars named Alberio (Beta Cygnii) in Cygnus and Gamma Sagittarii in Sagitta.  The easiest way to find these stars is to start with Deneb which is the tail of Cygnus and pan down his body until you find Alberio.  From here pan to the southeast until you find the arrow shape of Sagitta.  Once the two stars are located pan back and forth with your binoculars and you will find NGC 6823 about halfway between Alberio and Gamma Sagittarii.  This week’s target will be one that Stellarium will be of great assistance.  You can also use the link below to find maps of all constellations and stars used as guides.

http://www.astrofili-cremona.it/deepsky/nebulose/ngc6820_2015_map.gif

http://www.iau.org/static/public/constellations/gif/VUL.gif

http://www.iau.org/static/public/constellations/gif/CYG.gif

http://www.iau.org/static/public/constellations/gif/LYR.gif

http://www.iau.org/static/public/constellations/gif/AQL.gif

http://www.iau.org/static/public/constellations/gif/SGE.gif                                                  

Our next Star Party will be held on Friday, August 5, 2016, from dusk until 10 p.m. 

As part of the Saint Louis Science Center’s First Fridays, weather permitting, the St. Louis Astronomical Society and the Science Center will set up a number of telescopes outdoors and be on-hand to answer your questions.  Telescope viewing begins once it is dark.  Regardless of the weather on August 5, join us indoors in our planetarium theater for “The Sky Tonight”.  Showtime is at 7 p.m.

This free, indoor star program will introduce you to the current night sky, the planets, and the seasonal constellations. Doors open 15 minutes before show time. Shows begins at 7 p.m. Sorry, no late admissions due to safety issues in the darkened theater.

The St. Louis Astronomical Society helps host the monthly Star Parties at the Saint Louis Science Center which are held on the first Friday of each month. Our Monthly Star Parties are open to the public and free of charge.