An extremely rare image of Salyut 1 as taken from a departing manned Soyuz craft.
Credit: © Dietrich Haeseler

In 1971 on this date, Salyut I, the first manned space station, was launched by the Soviet Union. It included several military and non-military experiments, was visited by astronauts from two Soyuz flights, and finally burned up on re-entry on October 11.